Great Game to 9/11: a concise history of Afghanistan's international relations

Afghanistan’s path from empire to nation-state in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries established enduring conditions for ethnic conflict and resistance to modernization in the twentieth and twenty-first centuries. Its turbulent history has been marked by recurring patterns of political centralization, then concessions to tribal authorities; resistance to foreign influence, then foreign intervention; and support for modernization, then reaction against it.


Learning Resource Type



CC 0 / public domain


0 comment(s) so far

Please login to add comment.