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## Lesson Twenty

### The Four Long and Short $<\text{u}>$ Sounds

1. There are two different short $<\text{u}>$ sounds. You can hear the first one in the word duck. We write it this way: [u]. We call it short $<\text{u}>$.

You can hear the second short $<\text{u}>$ sound in the word bull. We write it this way: $[\breve{\text{oo}}]$. We call it short <oo>, which sounds like “short ooh”.

2. There are also two different long $<\text{u}>$ sounds. You can hear the first one in the word tuna. We write it $[\bar{\text{oo}}]$. We call it long <oo>, which sounds like “long ooh.”

You can hear the second long $<\text{u}>$ sound in the word mule. We write this second long $<\text{u}>$ $[\text{y} \bar{\text{oo}}]$. We call it long <yu>, which sounds like “long you.”

3. Listen for the short and long $<\text{u}>$'s in these words. Then sort the words into the four groups below:

$& \text{but} && \text{used} && \text{good} && \text{touch} \\ & \text{whose} && \text{school} && \text{few} && \text{music} \\ & \text{govern} && \text{puppy} && \text{zoo} && \text{enough} \\ & \text{fuel} && \text{could} && \text{through} && \text{rule} \\ & \text{fruit} && \text{view} && \text{cube} && \text{number}$

5. Write two other words with [u]: __________

6. Write two other words with $[\breve{\text{oo}}]$: __________

7. Write two other words with $[\bar{\text{oo}}]$: __________

8. Write two other words with $[\text{y} \bar{\text{oo}}]$: __________

9. Write two words with [i]: __________

10. Write two words with [ī]: __________

11. Write two words with [o]: __________

12. Write two words with [ō]: __________

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