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Lesson Twenty-three

1. Words like greener, blackest, and player divide into elements like this:

$\text{greener} & = \text{green} + \text{er} \\ \text{blackest} & = \text{black} + \text{est} \\ \text{player} & = \text{play} + \text{er}$

Elements usually add together just like that with no change to any of them. And that leads us to our first spelling rule: the Rule of Simple Addition:

Rule of Simple Addition. Unless you know some reason to make a change, when you add elements together to spell a word, do not make any changes at all. Simply add the elements together.

2. Below are some elements for you to add together. Some are words and some are suffixes. Some of the suffixes may be new to you, but don't let them scare you. Just remember that all these elements add together by simple addition:

 Free Base + Suffix = Word number + s = numbers back + ed = touch + ing = few + est = hard + est = hope + less = help + er = laugh + ed = soft + er = govern + ed = thought + less = walk + ing = new + er = scratch + er = scratch + ing = follow + ed = follow + er = travel + ing = travel + er = view + er =

4. Here are some others to do the other way around. We'll give you the word, and you divide them into their two elements:

 Word = Free Base + Suffix harder = hard + er lifeless = helping = viewer = newest = headless = drifting = owner = following = walker = scratched = traveler =

5. “Unless you know some reason to make a change, when you add elements together to spell a word, do not make any changes at all. Simply add the elements together.”

This rule is called the Rule of ____________________.